Bird Taxonomy

The classification of Birds is a controversial & debatable topic and thus the same has been undergoing changes from time to time. These changes are continuing still. Owing to the absence of a single authority on bird classification(though the same may be a solution for the sake of it and definitely does not guarantee proper classification) and new findings (based on DNA affiliations, anatomy etc.)from time to time, the problem of classification has not been solved yet.
Given below are the Classification of birds into Orders & Families


Anseriformes comprises about 150 living species which includes mainly aquatic birds (over 140 species of waterfowl): Tree Ducks | Geese, Ducks


Apodiformes comprises nearly 450 species and includes the swifts, the tree swifts, and the hummingbirds ( as per Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy, hummingbirds are separated as a new order, Trochiliformes under superorder Apodimorphae): Swifts. Tree-Swift


Bucerotiformes comprises of 55 living species and includes hornbills (which were traditionally considered in the order Coraciiformes prior to the Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy, where hornbills are separated from the Coraciiformes and make an order of their own, Bucerotiformes): Hornbills


Ciconniformes, traditionally, includes a variety of large, long-legged, large bodied, large billed wading birds like storks, herons, egrets, ibises, spoonbills, and several others. Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy greatly enlarged the Ciconiiformes, adding many more families, including most of those usually regarded as belonging to the Sphenisciformes (penguins), Gaviiformes (divers and loons), Podicipediformes (grebes), Procellariiformes (tubenosed seabirds), Charadriiformes, (waders, gulls, terns and auks), Pelecaniformes (pelicans, cormorants, gannets and allies), and the Falconiformes (diurnal birds of prey). The flamingo family, Phoenicopteridae, is related, and is sometimes classed as part of the Ciconiiformes: Sandgrouse |Snipes, Godwits, Curlew, Stint, Sandpipers |Painted Snipe |Jacanas | Thick-knees| Oyestercatchers, Plovers, Lapwings|Crab-plover, Courser, Pratnicole |Skuas, Skimmer, Gulls, Terns |Hawks, Kites, Eagles, Falcons, Vultures |Grebes | Tropicbirds | Boobies |Darters |Cormorants| Egrets, Herons, Bitterns |Flamingos |Ibis| Spoonbill |Pelicans |Storks| Frigatebirds |Divers |Petrels, Shearwaters


Columbiformes comprises of about 312 species: Pigeons, Doves


The Coraciiformes are a group of usually colorful birds: Rollers. Kingfishers. Bee-eaters


Cuculiformes mainly includes Cuckoos and their allies: Cuckoos |Coucals


Galliformes comprises of around 290 species and includes heavy-bodied ground-feeding birds: Megapodes or Scrubfowls |Pheasants, Quails, Junglefowl, Partridges


Gruiformes comprises of about 199 species which includes Cranes and their relatives: Bastards |Cranes |Finfoot |Rails, Moorhen, Coot


Piciformes comprises of around 400 species and includes largely arboreal birds mainly Woodpeckers and their relatives: Honeyguides. Woodpeckers |Barbets.


Passeriformes is the largest order of birds comprising of more than 5000 species or more and includes more than half of all bird species. They are also known as passerine and includes perching birds.: Pittas | Broadbills |Fairy-bluebird, Chloropsis |Shrikes |Jay, Treepies, Magpies, Nutcrackers, Choughs, Crows, Woodswallows, Orioles, Cuckoo-Shrikes, Minivets, Flycatcher-Shrikes, Fantail-Flycatchers, Flycatchers, Drongos, Monarch-Flycatchers, Paradise-Flycatcher, Ioras, Woodshrikes |Waxwings. Dippers |Thrushes, Flycatchers, Shortwings, Rubythroat, Chats, Robins, Redstarts, Magpie-Robin, Shama, Forktail, Grandala |Starlings, Mynas |Nutthatches, Wallcreeper |Tree-Creeper, Wren |Tits. Martins, Swallows |Goldcrest. Bulbuls. Hypocolis. White-eye. Warblers |Laughingthrushes, Babblers, Barwing, Cutia, Shrike-Babbler, Minla, Tit-Babbler, Yuhina, Sibia, Parrotbill, Whitethroat. Larks |Flowerpeckers, Sunbirds |Sparrows, Finches, Wagtails, Pipits, Accentors, Weavers, Munias |Chaffinch, Rosefinch, Linnets, Grosbeak, Buntings


Psittaciformes comprises of about 372 species: lorikeets, parakeets


Turniciformes are a small group consisting of 15 species: Buttonquails


Strigiformes comprises of about 200 species of mostly solitary and nocturnal birds of prey: Barn & Grass Owls |Owls |Frogmouths |Eared-Nightjars |Nightjars


Trogoniformes contains 39 species: Trogons


Upupiformes contains 9 species: Hoopoe